Microsoft word - 2000 natl. rnd 9.doc

Q. Describe the motion of a horse that has low, round, thick withers. A. Generally, the horse will often have a rolling gait and a heavy front end, overall, moving poorly Q. What is the name of the medication that improves circulation within the foot? It is often used on horses with Navicular disease. Q. What is the name of the structure that allows foals to eat without interference by the mare? Q. What is the most common type of western reins? Q. What happens if the “branch” of a shoe is too long? A. If on the front, a hind foot may overreach and pull the shoe off behind, usually nothing will happen Q. On what coat color is dappling most easy to see? Q. In areas where the soil has a low available selenium content, what disease can be prevalent in foals if the mares are fed homegrown feeds? Q. What type of metal are racing plates generally made from? Q. What is another term for a “true hackamore”? Q. Corn infected with aflatoxins can cause damage to what organ of the horse’s body? Q. What is often added to the blades of a pack saddle to ensure protection of the horse? Q. Two part question. How many hours of light are necessary per day to bring a mare into heat prior to the normal breeding season, and what other function does this increased amount of light initiate? A. Need 16 hours of light for the onset of the estrus cycle, and it also initiates the process of shedding of the winter hair coat.



Q. What is the main role of the hindquarters in locomotion? Q. Three part question. In general, what is a hormone, where is it produced, and what is its’ function? Used to stimulate or regulate a physiological body process TOSS-UP QUESTION – BONUS ATTACHED
Q. Name three different types of English saddle pad. BONUS QUESTION
Q. List four considerations when choosing a vehicle to pull a horse trailer. Weight capacity of vehicle (ie. ½ ton, ¾ ton, 1 ton, etc.) Type, length & weight of trailer to be pulled RESUME OPEN QUESTIONS
Q. In what country did the Bashkir Curly originate? A. Although most are raised in the Bashkir region of Russia, the breed originated in the United States in 1898 on a ranch in Nevada. A. Spermatogenesis = process of producing sperm cells S. AYHCLM, p. Adv. 327-1, 327-2L, HIH 920 Q. This disease, prevalent in the southwest United States is characterized by localized inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth, containing blisters, ulcers and erosions. What is this disease? TOSS-UP QUESTION – BONUS ATTACHED
Q. What parts of the skeleton make up the “trunk”?
Q. Name five factors that influence the nutritional requirements Environment (temperature, weather, etc.) Type of use or activity Individual characteristics (metabolic rate) S. AYCHLM, p. Adv. 322-2L & FCH, p. 186,187 RESUME OPEN QUESTIONS
Q. Horses in a group are likely to run simply because another horse is running. If the running is not in response to fright, what type of behavior is this? Q. A horse that is extremely sickle hocked is prone to what unsoundness of the hock? Q. Where does the lungworm spend the final phase of its’ life cycle? Q. In reference to a horse’s leg, explain the difference between the “proximal end” and the “distal end.” A. Proximal end = end of limb attached to the body Distal end = end of limb furthest from the body TOSS-UP QUESTION – BONUS ATTACHED
Q. What is the condition score for the horse being described? There is a slight fat cover over the ribs, but the ribs are easily seen. The hook bones appear rounded but visible. The tailhead is prominent. Withers, shoulders and neck are accentuated. BONUS QUESTION
Q. Give four anatomical characteristics of the foot of a horse that suffers from chronic founder. Evidence of abnormal growth rings on the hoof Front of the hoof wall may have a dished concave shape Distance between growth rings at the toe is less that the distance between the same growth rings at the quarter of heel Toes may curl upward, especially if not kept trimmed RESUME OPEN QUESTIONS
Q. What are two physiological functions that will increase the natural intake of salt in a horse’s diet? A. The fibrous network that forms the basic framework of body soft tissue. Q. In what type of horse is “winging out” most commonly seen? A. High-stepping harness horses and saddle horses (Saddlebreds, Hackneys, Morgans) Q. Warm blooded animals that give milk and have hair fall into LAST QUESTION IN MATCH
Q. What four tools are necessary to trim a horse’s hoof?
(foot stand and foot level may be used, but are not necessary)


Microsoft word - 2.0 pv 5221 amp.doc

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SYNOPSIS OF BIOCHEMISTRY COURSES OFFERED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY BCH 201: GENERAL BIOCHEMISTRY I (2 UNITS) L:2 T:0 P:0 Principles of the chemical basis of life. The molecular basis of cellular structure – polysaccharides, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids. The cellular basis of life. Buffers, Acidity and alkalinity; pH and pKa values and their effects on cell

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