H17 She with whom troops of bustuary slaves
Notes. This ambitious attack on Frances Howard as the quintessence of darkness, a sorceress
and sexual transgressor, borrows the character of the Neapolitan witch and whore Canidia from
Horace’s “Epodes” and “Satires”. Bellany explores the poem’s depiction of witchcraft and sexual
transgression in his analysis of the Overbury scandal’s multiple political meanings (
“Supposed to be made against the Lady Frauncis Coun: of Somerset”
(Like legions) sojourn’d still a moungst the graves;
And there laid plotts which made the silver moone
That she could read new principles to hell;
And shew the fiends recorded in her lookes
Such deeds, as were not in their blackest books:
She that by spells could make a frozen stone,
And in an instant strike the factours dead
That should pay duties to the marriage bedd:
She that consisted all of borrow’d grace,
Could paint her hart as smoothly as her face;
And when her breath gave wings to silken words,
Poysons in thoughts conceite, and murthering swords:
She that could reeke within the sheets of lust,
And there be searcht, yet passe with out mistrust;
She that could surfle upp the waies of sinne,
And make strait posternes where wide gates had beene:
She that could cheate the matrimoniall bedd
With a false stampt, adulterate maidenhead;
And make the husband thinke those kisses chast,
Which were stale panders to his spouses wast:
Whose virtue still became the cankers food;
Whose closet might a Golgotha be stil’d,
Or else a charnell where dead bones are pil’d:
Whose waxen pictures fram’d by incantation,
Whose Philters, Potions for loves propagation
And scorne all Drugs that Colchos ever made;
Lett not a chime the nightly houres sing;
Lett not the lyrik larke salute the day,
Lett croking ravens, and death boading owles,
Lett groning mandraks, and the ghastly howles
To ring Canidia downe from earth to hell;
Let wolves and tygers howle, lett serpents cry,
Let basilisks bedew their poysoning eie;
Let Plutos dogg strech high his barking note,
And chaunt her dirges with his triple throate:
Under his burthen lett great Atlas quake,
Lett the fixt earths unmoved center shake;
And the faire heavens wrappt as it were with wonder
That divells dy, speake out their loudest thunder:
Ly sepulchred all night in their owne folds;
The rose should florish, and throughout the yeare
No leafe nor plant once blasted would appeare:
The strarres wold seeme as glorious as the moone,
And she like Phœbus in his brightest noone;
Mists, clouds, vapours, all would passe a way,
And the whole yeare bee as an Halcyon day:
BL MS Sloane 1792, fols. 2v-4r
Other known sources.
Bodleian MS Malone 23, p. 8; BL MS Harley 3910, fol. 26r; Nottingham MS
Portland PW V 37, p. 135; Folger MS V.a.103, fol. 66r; Huntington MS HM 198, 1.33
pertaining to funeral pyres.
2 She that by spells.affection:
some reports alleged that Frances Howard had used love potions to seduce Robert Carr.
3 strike the factours.bedd:
many reports suggested that Frances Howard had used witchcraft to render her first husband, Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, sexually impotent.
during the 1613 proceedings to nullify her first marriage, Frances Howard was inspected by a panel of midwives to prove that she was still a virgin and that her marriage had never been consummated.
to cover up, paint over (usually with cosmetics). The implication is that Frances Howard used magical assistance to fake the signs of virginity.
posterns; private doors.
the field of blood (Acts 1.19).
a witch in Homer’s Odyssey
Colchis, or Medea; witch, poisoner and murderess.
in classical mythology, Philomela was transformed into a nightingale.
mandrakes; plants believed to emit a fatal cry when pulled from the ground.
serpents whose gaze was fatal.
14 Plutos dogg:
the three-headed Cerberus who guarded Hades.
in myth, sentenced to hold up the heavens.
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